Friday, June 27, 2008

US Supreme Court decision Boumediene v. Bush [12 June 2008] about habeas corpus Guantanamo detainees

The American Society for International Law (ASIL) published an article written by Andrew Kent about the Military Commissions Act (MCA) and the habeas corpus review concerning Guantanamo detainees. The US Supreme Court decided on June 12, 2008 that the US Military Commissions Act of 2006 violated the constitutional right of the detainees to meaningful habeas corpus review by federal civilian judges.

N Korea destroys nuclear reactor tower

North Korea has demolished the cooling tower at its Yongbyon nuclear reactor.
The Bush administration has reacted by removing North Korea from the list of countries sponsoring terrorism (axis of evil list); a step forward in the international relations between North Korea and the US.
The intention to disarm was one of the cornerstones of the so called Six-Party talks about North Korea's nuclear energy program.

Peace Palace Library keywords : weapons of mass destruction, disarmament

Thursday, June 26, 2008

New Benelux-Treaty

On the 18th of June 2008, the three countries of the Benelux Economic Union signed a new treaty, which replaces the 1958 Treaty. With the new Benelux-Treaty, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg created a new incentive for their cross-border cooperation. A more integrated Common Market and Economic Union, and extended cooperation into new areas, such as sustainable development, justice and home affairs. The Benelux Economic Union will be renamed Benelux Union. With this new Treaty the three countries also intend to maintain their pioneering role for further European integration.

For the Dutch version of the new Treaty, click here. For the French version, click here.
Peace Palace Library keyword : Benelux

Tuesday, June 24, 2008

Tsvangirai seeks diplomatic protection

Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe's opposition leader, fearing for his safety, has taken refuge in the Dutch embassy in the capital Harare. Zimbabwean authorities said to respect the Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations of 1961 [PDF]
The embassy has diplomatic immunity and cannot be entered without permission of the ambassador.
Famous cases involving embassies are ; the Iran-US Hostage crisis in 1979, the Hungarian Cardinal József Mindszenty lived for 15 years in the American embassy in Budapest.
Keywords for more literature on diplomatic protection : Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations, Hostages, Iran, Diplomatic and consular protection

Lesbians v. Lesbians

Who is a true Lesbian?
Inhabitants of the Greek Isle of Lesbos started a trial in Athens to ban the Greek Gay and Lesbian Union (OLKE) from using the word "Lesbian". According to the Lesbos residents the term "lesbian" causes psychological distress to the islanders, as it is a world lesbian centre in a rather conservative environment. Same-sex marriage is still a difficult issue. The decision can have worldwide effects, if the name may be used only for the people of Lesbos, with a copyright not to use it publicly in print. What about the other "Lesbians"?
Perhaps Sappho, the poetess, who lived around 630 BC on the island, and whose poems caused all these problems, was not a lesbian after all?
Type "Sexual Orientation", and find out what the Peace Palace Library has on this topic.

Thursday, June 5, 2008

EURO 2008 and Hooliganism

The European Football Championship, Euro 2008, will start on 7 June and finish on 29 June. This football tournament will be hosted by Austria and Switzerland.
Thousands of fans will support their teams, celebrate victory and mourn defeat. Often these huge and massive emotions of joy and grief will result in violent clashes with supporters of rival teams and even lead to fights with the local police.
Literature on this dark side of football can be found in the Peace Palace Library collection under the keyword hooliganism

Food Crisis

The global increase in food prices will plunge millions of people into hunger worldwide. Starvation and food shortage already caused food riots and are threatening to destabilize regimes.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon created a special task force to respond to the crisis and soaring food prices. In Rome, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) hosted a high-level summit on world food security, climate change and bioenergy.
Some argue that modern business-dominated agricultural industry promotes the degradation of nature - and that, in turn, means less and worse food for a growing population and that governments should take responsibility for this situation.
In 1948 the UN recognized the right to food as a fundamental human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, followed by more international legal instruments.
The Peace Palace Library has a remarkable collection of books and articles on this subject, with keywords Right to food and food security.